An international crime is a grave breach of international law, such as genocide or a crime against humanity, made a punishable offense by treaties or applicable rules of customary international law. ~ Black's Law Dictionary (9th ed. 2009)
Last Updated: May 23, 2016
- Rome Statute
The legal basis for establishing the permanent International Criminal Court (ICC). The Rome Statute was adopted by 120 states in 1998 and governs the ICC.
- Charter of the United Nations
Signed at San Francisco on 26 June 1945 is the constituent treaty of the United Nations. The Charter is one of the constitutional texts of the International Court of Justice. See Article 7, paragraph 1, Article 36, paragraph 3, and Articles 92-96, which form Chapter XIV.
- Statute of the International Court of Justice
Annexed to the Charter of the United Nations, of which it forms an integral part. The main object of the Statute is to organize the composition and the functioning of the Court.
- Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter of the Nürnberg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal
On November 21, 1947, one year after the end of the first Nuremberg trial (IMT), the United Nations passed General Assembly Resolution 177 in order to codify the so-called "Nuremberg Principles." Text adopted by the International Law Commission at its second session, in 1950 and submitted to the General Assembly as a part of the Commission’s report covering the work of that session.
- Charter of the International Military Tribunal for Nuremberg
Drafted by the three main Allied Powers (United Kingdom, United States, USSR) at a conference held in London from 26 June to 8 August 1945. Included provisions for the punishment and judgment of the major German war criminals.
- London Agreement of August 8th 1945
One of the foundations for the International Military Tribunal, and was between the USA, France, the UK and the then USSR. It detailed the punishment and prosecution of major war criminals.
- Amendments on the Crime of Aggression
The Review Conference of the Rome Statute, held in Kampala, Uganda, from 31 May to 11 June 2010 adopted the amendments on the crime of aggression on 11 June 2010 by Resolution RC/Res.6. The amendments were circulated by the Secretary-General under cover of depositary notification C.N.651.2010.TREATIES-8 of 29 November 2010.
- The War Crimes Acts of 1996
A federal statute that makes it a federal crime for any U.S. national, whether military or civilian, to violate the Geneva Convention by engaging in murder, torture, or inhuman treatment.
- International Military Tribunal for the Far East Charter (IMTFE Charter)
Established by a special proclamation of General MacArthur as the Supreme Commander in the Far East for the Allied Powers.
- The Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols.
The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are at the core of international humanitarian law, the body of international law that regulates the conduct of armed conflict and seeks to limit its effects. They specifically protect people who are not taking part in the hostilities (civilians, health workers and aid workers) and those who are no longer participating in the hostilities, such as wounded, sick and shipwrecked soldiers and prisoners of war.
- The Laws of War
Includes the Hague Conference of 1899, the Hague Conference of 1907, the Geneva Conventions, and the miscellaneous treaties, conventions and agreements from 1856 - 1928. Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.
- Core Human Rights Instruments
The major treaties at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' site.
- OHCHR Treaty Bodies Database
UN database searchable by treaties and committees.